Philander Parmele Lane was born in Nassau, New York, on October 5th, 1821. Prior to the Civil War he was an iron worker and machinist. He would be commissioned as captain of Company K of the 11th Ohio, where he would cause a bit of a ruckus by preferring charges against the 11th's colonel, Charles A. DeVilliers. The latter would be dismissed for habitually abusing officers under his command, fraudulently obtaining monies from the regimental sutler, and seizing goods from citizens. Lane would become colonel of the 11th on September 17th, 1862 as a result of the Battle of Antietam. Lane would lead the regiment at Chickamauga, and resign on October 26th, 1863 due to business concerns.