Tuesday, March 17, 2015

The 3rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry

3rd Regiment Infantry (3 Years). Organized at Camp Dennison, near Cincinnati, Ohio, June 4, 1861. Moved to Grafton, W. Va., thence to Clarksburg, W. Va., June 20-25, 1861. Attached to 1st Brigade, Army of Occupation, West Virginia, to September, 1861. Reynolds' Command, Cheat Mountain, W. Va., to November, 861. 17th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to December, 1861. 17th Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 17th Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862.

Strength - 500. 42 killed, 148 wounded.

Commander - John Beatty. Born near Sandusky, OH, December 16th, 1828.  Established with his brother the Beatty Brothers Bank (later the First National Bank) in Cardington, OH in 1854.  In April, 1861 raised a company of the 3rd Ohio Infantry, later becoming lieutenant colonel.  Promoted to colonel prior to Perryville.  Later promoted to brigadier general and commanded a brigade at Stones River and Chickamauga.  Resigned his commission in January, 1864 to return to the banking business, allowing his brother to enter the army.  Elected to Congress in 1868.  Candidate for Ohio governor in 1884, and served as president of the Ohio Chickamauga and Chattanooga Military Park Commission.  Died Columbus, OH, December 21st, 1914.  Buried in Oakland Cemetery, Sandusky, OH.

Weapons - Two companies (flank) with Pattern 1853 Enfield (.577 caliber).  Remaining companies with .69 caliber rifled muskets.

Sunday, March 8, 2015

The 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry

2nd Regiment Infantry (3 Years). Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, July 17 to September 20, 1861. Left State for Kentucky September 4. Operations in vicinity of Olympian Springs, Ky., till November. Action at West Liberty October 23. Olympian Springs November 4. Ivy Mountain November 8. Piketown November 8-9. Moved to Louisville, Ky., thence to Bacon Creek, Ky., and duty there until February, 1862. Attached to 9th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, October to December, 1861. 9th Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 9th Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862.

Strength - 460 engaged.  31 killed, 77 wounded, 2 missing.

Commander - John Kell.  Captain, Co. F, 1st Ohio Infantry (three month regiment), April 17, 1861.  Honorably mustered out August, 16th, 1861.  Lieutenant Colonel, 2nd Ohio Infantry, August 27th, 1861.  Colonel, 2nd Ohio Infantry, December 24th, 1862.  Gun shot wound, Stones River, Tennessee, December 31st, 1862.  Born in April, 1817, Germany.  Died on December 31st, 1862.  Killed in action, Stones River, Tennessee.  Captain, Company I, 3rd Ohio Infantry during the Mexican-American War.  Tailor and postmaster.  Resided Steubenville, Jefferson County, Ohio, and Franklin, Warren County, Ohio.  Buried at Woodhill Cemetery, Franklin, Ohio (Section 4, Lot 17).

Weapons - Pattern 1853 Enfield (.577 caliber)

Medal of Honor Winner - William Surles.  Rank and Organization: Private, Company G, 2nd Ohio Infantry. Place and Date: At Perryville, Kentucky, October 8, 1862. Entered Service At: Steubenville, Ohio. Born: February 24, 1845, Steubenville, Ohio. Date Of Issue: August 19, 1891.  Citation: In the hottest part of the fire he stepped in front of his colonel* to shield him from the enemy's fire.

* Actually Major Anson McCook who was later colonel of the regiment.


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